鸟类名录

来源:  作者:吴建东  发布时间:2008-04-10
中文名
英文名
学  名
居留状况
保护
级别
一、目PODICIPEDIFORMES
(一)科Podicipedidae
1.小
 Little Grebe
Tachybaptus  ruficollis
2.凤头
 Great Crested Grebe
Podiceps cristatus
二、鹈形目PELECANIFORMES
(二)鹈鹕科Pelecanidae
1.斑嘴鹈鹕
 Dalmatian Pelican
Pelecanus  philippensis
(三)鸬鹚科Phalacrocoracidae
 
 
1.普通鸬鹚
 Cormorant
Phalacrocorax  carbo
三、鹳形目CICONIIFORMES
(四)鹭科Ardeidae
1.苍鹭
 Grey Heron
Ardea cinerea
2.草鹭
 Purple Heron
A. purpurea
3.绿鹭
 Little Green Heron
Butorides striatus
4.池鹭
 Chinese Pond Heron
Ardeola bacchus
5.牛背鹭
 Cattle Egret
Bubulcus ibis
 
6.大白鹭
 Great Egret
Egretta alba
7.白鹭
 Little Egret
E. garzetta
8.中白鹭
 Intermediate Egret
E. intermedia
 
9.夜鹭
 Night Heron
Nyticorax nyticorax
 
10.黄斑苇鳽
 Yellow Bittern
Ixobrychus sinensis
 
11.栗苇鳽
 Cinnamon Bittern
I. cinnamomcus
 
 
12.黑鳽
 Black Bittern
Dupetor flavicollis
13.大麻鳽
 Bittern
Botaurus stellaris
(五)鹳科Ciconiidae
1.白鹳
 Oriental White Stork
Ciconia boyciana
2.黑鹳
 Black Stork
C. nigra
(六)鹮科Threskiornithidae
1.白鹮
 White Ibis
Threskiornis melanocephalus
 
2.白琵鹭
 European Spoonbill
Platalea leucorodia
3.黑脸琵鹭
 Black-faced Spoonbill
P. minor
四、雁形目ANSERIFORMES
(七)鸭科Anatidae
1.红胸黑雁
 
Branta ruficollis
 
2.鸿雁
 Swan Goose
Anser cygnoides
3.豆雁
 Bean Goose
A. fabalis
4.白额雁
 White-fronted Goose
A. albifrons
5.小白额雁
 Lesser White-fronted Goose
A. erythropus
6.灰雁
 Greylag Goose
A. anser
7.斑头雁
 Bar-headed Goose
A. indicus
8.雪雁
 Snow Goose
A. caerulescens
9.大天鹅
 Whooper Swan
Cygnus cygnus
10.短嘴天鹅
 Whistling Swan
C. columbianus
11.赤麻鸭
 Ruddy Shelduck
Tadorna ferruginea
12.翘鼻麻鸭
 Shelduck
T. tardona
13.针尾鸭
 Pintail
Anas acuta
14.绿翅鸭
 Green-winged Teal
A. crecca
15.花脸鸭
 Baikal Teal
A. formosa
16.罗纹鸭
 Falcated Teal
A. falcata
 
17.绿头鸭
 Mallard
A. platyrhynchos
18.斑嘴鸭
 Yellow-nib  (Chinese Spotbill)
A. poecilorhyncha
 
19.赤膀鸭
 Gadwall
A. strepera
20.赤颈鸭
 Wigeon
A. penelope
21.白眉鸭
 Garganey
A. querquedula
22.琵嘴鸭
 Shoveler
A. clypeata
23. 红头潜鸭
 Pochard
Aythya ferina
24.青头潜鸭
 Bear's Pochard
A. baeri
25.凤头潜鸭
 Tufted Duck
A. fuligula
26.斑背潜鸭
 Scaup
A. marila
27.鸳鸯
 Mandarin
Aix galericulata
28.棉凫
 Cotton Teal
Nettapus  coromandelianus  
29.斑脸海番鸭
 White-winged Scoter
Melanitta fusca
 
 
30.斑头秋沙鸭
 Smew
Mergus albellus
 
31.中华秋沙鸭
 Chinese Merganser
M. squamatus
32.普通秋沙鸭
 Goosander
M. merganser
五、隼形目FALCONIFORMES
(八)鹰科Accipitridae
1.黑翅鸢
 Black-winged Kite
Elanus caeruleus
 
2.凤头鹃隼
 Crested Lizard Hawk
Aviced subcristatus
 
3.(黑)鸢
 Black Kite
Milvus migrans
4.苍鹰
 Goshawk
Accipiter gentilis
 
5.雀鹰
 Northern Sparrowhawk
A. nisus
6.大鵟
 Upland Buzzard
Buteo hemilasius
 
7.普通鵟
 Buzzard
B. buteo
8.金雕
 Golden Eagle
Aquila chrysaetos
9.白肩雕
 Imperial Eagle
A. heliaca
10.乌雕
 Spotted Eagle
A. clanga
11.白尾海雕
 White-tailed Sea Eagle
Haliaeetus albicilla
12.白尾鹞
 Hen Harrier
Circus cyaneus
13.草原鹞
 Pallid Harrier
C. macrourus
14.鹊鹞
 Pied Harrier
C. melanoleucos
15.白头鹞
 Eastern Marsh Harrier
C. aeruginosus
16.鹗
 Osprey
Pandion haliaetus
(九)隼科Falconidae
1.游隼
 Peregrine Falcon
Falco peregrinus
2.燕隼
 Hobby
F. subbuteo
3.灰背隼
 Merlin
F. clumbarius
4.红脚隼
 Red-footed Falcon
F. vespertinus
 
5.红隼
 Kestrel
F. tinnunculus
六、鸡形目GALLIFORMES
(十)雉科Phasianidae
1.鹌鹑
 Japanese Quail
Coturnix coturnix
 
2.雉鸡
 Ring-necked Pheasant
Phasianus colchicus
七、鹤形目GRUIFORMES
(十一)三趾鹑科Turnicidae
1.黄脚三趾鹑
 Yellow-legged
   Button-quail
Turnix tanki
 
(十二)鹤科Gruidae
2.灰鹤
 Comman Crane
Grus grus
3.白头鹤
 Hooded Crane
G. monacha
4.白枕鹤
 White-naped Crane
G. vipio
5.白鹤
 Siberian White Crane
G. leucogeranus
6.加拿大鹤
 Sandhill Crane
G. canadensis
(十三)秧鸡科Rallidae
1.普通秧鸡
 Water Rail
Rallus aquqticus
 
2.蓝胸秧鸡
 Banded Rail
R. striatus
 
3.红胸秧鸡
 Ruddy Crake
Porzarna fusca
 
4.花田鸡
 Swinhoe's Yellow Rail
Cotruicops  noveboracensis
5.红脚苦恶鸟
 Brown Crake
Amaurornis akool
 
6.白胸苦恶鸟
 White-breasted Waterhen
A. pheonicurus
 
7.董鸡
 Watercock
Gallicrex cinerea
 
8.黑水鸡
 Moorhen
Gallinula  chloropus
 
9.白骨顶
 Coot
Fulica atra
 
(十四)鸨科Otidae
1.大鸨
 Great Bustard
Otis tarda
八、鸻形目CHARADRIIFORMES
(十五)雉鸻科Jacanidae
1.水雉
Pheasant-tailed Jacana
Hydrophasianus  chirurgus
(十六)鸻科Charadriidae
1.凤头麦鸡
 Lapwing
Vanellus vanellus
2.灰头麦鸡
 Grey-headed Lapwing
V. cinereus
3.灰斑鸻
 Grey Plover
Pluvialis  squatarola 
 
4.金斑鸻
 Pacific Golden Plover
P. dominica
 
5.剑鸻
 Ringed Plover
Charadrius  hiaticula
 
 
6.金眶鸻
 Little Ringed Plover
C. dubius
 
7.环颈鸻
 Kentis Plover
C. alexandrinus
 
8.蒙古沙鸻
 Lesser Sand Plover
C. mongolus
 
9.红胸鸻
 Oriental Plover
C. veredus
 
10.长嘴鸻
 Long-billed Plover
C. placidus
 
(十七)鹬科Scolopacidae
1.小杓鹬
 Little Whimbrel
Numenius minutus 
2.中杓鹬
 Whimbrel
N. phaeopus
 
3.白腰杓鹬
 Curlew
N. arquata
4.红腰杓鹬
 Far Eastern Curlew
N. madagascariensis
 
 
5.黑尾塍鹬
 Black-tailed Godwit
Limosa limosa
 
6.斑尾塍鹬
 Bar-tailed Godwit
Limosa laponica
 
7.鹤鹬
 Spotted Redshank
Tringa erythropus
 
8.红脚鹬
 Redshank
T. totanus
 
9.泽鹬
 Marsh Sandpiper
T. stagnatilis
 
10.青脚鹬
 Greenshank
T. nebularia
 
11.白腰草鹬
 Green Sandpiper
T. ochropus
 
12.林鹬
 Wood Sandpiper
T. glareola
 
13.矾鹬
 Common Sandpiper
Actitis hypoleucos
 
14.翘嘴鹬
 Terek Sandpiper
Xenus cinereus
 
15.翻石鹬
 Turnstone
Arenaria interpres
 
16.针尾沙锥
 Pintail Snipe
Gallinago stenura
 
17.大沙锥
 Swinhoe's Snipe
G. megala
 
18.扇尾沙锥
 Fantail Spine
G. gallinago
 
19.丘鹬
 Woodcock
Scolopax rusticola
 
20.长趾滨鹬
 Long-toed Stint
Calidris subminuta
 
21.尖尾滨鹬
 Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
C. acuminata
 
22.黑腹滨鹬
 Dunling
C. alpina
 
23.三趾滨鹬
 Sanderling
C. alba
 
24.阔嘴鹬
 Broad-billed Sandpiper
Limicola falcinellus
 
(十八)反嘴鹬科Recurvirostridae
1.黑翅长脚鹬
 Black-winged Stilt
Himantopus  himantopus
 
2.反嘴鹬
 Avocet
Recurvirostra  avosetta
(十九)燕鸻科Glareolidae
1.普通燕鸻
 Oriental Pratincole
Glareola maldivarum
 
九、鸥形目LARIFORMES
(二十)鸥科Laridae
1.黑尾鸥
 Black-tailed Gull
Larus crassirostris
 
2.海鸥
 Common Gull
L. canus
 
3.银鸥
 Herring Gull
L. argentatus
4.灰背鸥
 Slaty-backed Gull
L. schistissgus
5.遗鸥
 Relict Gull
L. relictus
 
6.红嘴鸥
 Black-headed Gull
L. ridibundus
 
7.黑嘴鸥
 Saunder's Gull
L. saundersi
 
8.须浮鸥
 Whiskered Tern
Chlidonias hybrida
 
9.白翅浮鸥
 White-winged Black Tern
C. leucoptera
 
10.红嘴巨鸥
 Caspian Tern
Sterna caspia
11.普通燕鸥
 Common Tern
S. hirundo
 
12.白额燕鸥
 Little Tern
S. albifrons
 
十、鸽形目COLUMBIFORMES
(二十一)鸠鸽科Columbidae
1.山斑鸠
 Rufous Turtle Dove
Streptopelia  orientalis
2.珠颈斑鸠
 Spotted Dove
S. chinensis
3.火斑鸠
 Red Turtle Dove
S. tranquebarica
十一、鹃形目CUCULIFORMES
(二十二)杜鹃科Cuculidae
1.红翅凤头鹃
 Red-winged Crested Cuckoo
Clamator  coromandus
2.大鹰鹃
 Large Hawk-cuckoo
Cuculus sparverioides
 
3.四声杜鹃
 Indian Cuckoo
C. micropterus
4.大杜鹃
 Common Cuckoo
C. canorus
5.中杜鹃
 Oriental Cuckoo
C. saturatus
6.小杜鹃
 Eurasian Little Cuckcoo
C. poliocephalus
 
7.小鸦鹃
 Lesser Coucal
Centropus  bengalesis
十二、鸮形目STRIGIFORMES
(二十三)草鸮科Tytonidae
1.草鸮
 Grass Owl
Tyto capensis
(二十四)鸱鸮科Strigidae
1.红角鸮
 Scops Owl
Otus scops
 
2.领角鸮
 Collared Scops-owl
O. bakkamoena
 
3.雕鸮
 Great Eagle-owl
Bubo bubo
 
4.花头鸺鹠
 Eurasian Pygmy-owl
Glaucidium  passerinum
 
5.斑头鸺鹠
 Barred Owlet
G. cuculoides
6.鹰鸮
 Brown Hawk Owl
Ninox scutulata
 
7.长耳鸮
 Long-eared Owl
Asio otus
 
8.短耳鸮
 Short-eared Owl
A. flammeus
 
十三、夜鹰目CAPRIMULGIFORMES
(二十五)夜鹰科Caprimulgidae
1.普通夜鹰
 Jungle Nightjar
Caprimulgus  indicus
 
十四、雨燕目APODIFORMES
(二十六)雨燕科Apodidae
1.白喉针尾雨燕
 White-throated Spinetail Swift
Hirundapus  caudacutus
 
 
2.白腰雨燕
 Large White-rumped   Swift
Apus pacificus
 
十五、佛法僧目CORACIIFORMES
(二十七)翠鸟科Alcedinidae
1.斑鱼狗
 Pied Kingfisher
Ceryle rudis
 
2.普通翠鸟
 Common Kingfisher
Alcedo atthis
3.白胸翡翠
 White-breasted Kingfisher
Halcyon smyrnensis
4.蓝翡翠
 Black-capped Kingfisher
H. pileata
(二十八)蜂虎科Meropidae
1.栗头蜂虎
 Chested-headed
Bee-eater
Merops viridis
 
(二十九)戴胜科Upupidae
1.戴胜
 Hoopoe
Upupa epops
十六、形目PICIFORMES
(三十)啄木鸟科Picidae
1.蚁
 Wryneck
Jynx torquilla
 
2.黑枕绿啄木鸟
 Black-naped Green Woodpecker
Picus canus
 
 
3.大斑啄木鸟
 Great Spotted Woodpecker
Dendrocopos major
 
 
4.星头啄木鸟
 Grey-headed Pygmy Woodpecker
D. canicapillus
 
 
十七、雀形目PASSERIFORMES
(三十一)八色鸫科Pittidae
1.蓝翅八色鸫
 Fairy Pitta
Pitta brachyura
(三十二)百灵科Alaudidae
1.云雀
 Skylark
Alauda arvensis
 
2.小云雀
 Lesser Skylark
A. gulgula
 
(三十三)燕科Hirundinidae
1.灰沙燕
 Sand Martin
Riparia riparia
2.家燕
 House Swallow
Hirundo rustica
3.金腰燕
 Red-rumped Swallow
H. daurica
(三十四)鹡鸰科Motacillidae
1.山鹡鸰
 Forest Wagtail
Dendroanthus indicus
 
2.黄鹡鸰
 Yellow Wagtail
Motacilla flava
 
3.灰鹡鸰
 Grey Wagtail
M. cinerea
 
4.白鹡鸰
 White Wagtail
M. alba
 
5.田鹨
 Richard's Pipit
Anthus  novaeseelandiae
 
6.树鹨
 Indian Tree Pipit
A. hodgsoni
 
7.红喉鹨
 Red-throated Pipit
A. cervinus
 
8.水鹨
 Water Pipit
A. spinoletta
 
(三十五)山椒鸟Campephagidae
1.暗灰鹃
 Black-winged   
Cuckoo-shrike
Coracina melaschistos
 
2.粉红山椒鸟
 Rosy Minivet
Pericrocotus  roseus
 
3.灰山椒鸟
 Ashy Minivet
P. divaricatus
 
 
4.灰喉山椒鸟
 Mountain Minivet
P. solaris
 
 
(三十六)鹎科Pycnonotidae
1.绿鹦嘴鹎
 Swinhoe's Finch-bille Bulbul
Spizixos  sermitorques
 
2.白头鹎
 Chinese Bulbul
Pycnonotus  sinensis
 
3.绿翅短脚鹎
 Green-winged Bulbul
Hypsipetes  virescens
 
 
4.栗背短脚鹎
 Chestnut-backed  Bulbul
H. (flavala)   castanotus
 
5.黑短脚鹎
 Black Bulbul
H. madagas cariensis
 
(三十七)太平鸟科Bombycillidae
1.小太平鸟
 Janpanese Waxwing
Bombycilla  japonical
 
 
(三十八)伯劳科Laniidae
1.红尾伯劳
 Brown Shrike
lanius cristatus 
2.栗背伯劳
 Chestnut-backed Shrike
L. colluriodes
3.灰伯劳
 Northern Shrike
L. schach
 
4.长尾灰伯劳
 Long-tailed Black Shrike
L.  sphenocercus
(三十九)黄鹂科Oriolidae
1.黑枕黄鹂
 Black-naped Oriole
Oriolus chinensis
(四十)卷尾科Dicruridae
1.黑卷尾
 Black Drongo
Dicrurus  marcocercus
2.灰卷尾
 Ashy Drongo
D.  leucophaeus
3.发冠卷尾
 Hair-crested Drongo
D. hottenettus
(四十一)椋鸟科Sturnidae
1.北椋鸟
 Daurian Starling
Sturnus sturninus
 
2.丝光椋鸟
 Silky Starling
S. sericeus 
 
3.灰椋鸟
 Grey Starling
S. cineraceus
 
4.黑领椋鸟
 Black-necked Starling
S. nigricollis
 
5.紫背椋鸟
 Cheatnut-checked Starling
S.  philippensis
 
6.普通八哥
 Crested Mynah
Acridotheres  cristatellus
 
(四十二)鸦科Corvidae
1.松鸦
 Jay
Garrulus  glandarius
 
2.红嘴蓝鹊
 Blue Magpie
Cissa  erythrohyncha
3.灰喜鹊
 Azure-winged Magpie
Cyanopica cyanal 
 
 
4.秃鼻乌鸦
 Rook
Corvus frugilegus
 
 
5.寒鸦
 Daurian Jackdaw
C.(monedula)  daurice
 
6.大嘴乌鸦
 Jungle Crow
C.  macrorhynchos
 
 
7.小嘴乌鸦
 Carrion Crow
C. corons
 
8.白颈鸦
 Collared Crow
C. torquatus
 
(四十三)鹪鹩科Troglodytidae
1.鹪鹩
 Wren
Troglodytes  troglodytes
 
 
(四十四)鹟科Muscicapidae
1.红点颏
 Rubythroat
Luscinia calliope
 
2.蓝点颏
 Bluethroat
L. svecica 
 
3.蓝歌鸲
 Siberian Blue Robin
L. cyane
 
4.红胁蓝尾鸲
 Red-flanked Bluetail
Tarsiger cyanurus
 
5.鹊鸲
 Magpie Robin
Copsychus saularis
 
6.北红尾鸲
 Daurian Redstart
Phoenicurus  auroreus
 
7.红尾水鸲
 Plumbeous  Water-redstart
Rhyacornis  fuliginosus
 
8.黑喉石
 Stonechat
Saxicola torquata
 
9.灰林
 Grey Bushchat
S. ferrea
 
10.蓝头矾鸫
 White-throated  Rock-thrust
Monticola gularis
 
11.栗胸矾鸫
 Chestnut-breasted  Rock-thrust
M. rufiventris
 
12.虎斑地鸫
 White's Thrust
Zoothera dauma
 
13.灰背鸫
 Grey-backed Thrust
Turdus hortulorum
 
14.乌鸫
 Blackbird
T. merula
 
15.白腹鸫
Pale Thrust
T. pallidus
 
16.斑鸫
Dussky Thrust
T. naumanni
 
17.棕颈钩嘴鹛
Rufous-necked Scimitar Babbler
Pomatorhinus  ruficollis
 
18.黑脸噪鹛
Black-faced Laughing Thrust
Garrulax  perspicilatus
 
19.白颊噪鹛
White-checked Laughing Trust
G. sannio
 
20.棕头鸦雀
Vinous-throsted Parrotbill
Paradoxornis  webbianus
 
21.短翅树莺
Chinese Bush Warbler
Cettia diphone
 
22.山树莺
Mountain Bush  Warbler
C. fortipes
 
 
23.宽尾树莺
Cetti's Warbler
C. cetti
 
 
24.棕褐短翅
Brown Bush Warbler
Bradypterus  luteoventris
 
 
25.斑背大苇
Japanese Marsh Warbler
Megalurus pryeri 
 
26.小蝗莺
Pallas' Grasshopper Warbler
Locustella  certhiola
 
27.大苇莺
Great Reed Warbler
Acrocephalus  arundinaceus
 
28.黑眉苇莺
Black-browed  Reed Warbler
A.  bistrigeps
 
29.褐柳莺
Dusky Warbler
Phylloscopus  borealis
 
30.棕眉柳莺
Milne-Edward's  Warbler
P.  armandii
 
 
31.巨嘴柳莺
Radde's Willow Warbler
P.  schwarzi
 
 
32.黄眉柳莺
Yellow-browed Warbler
P.   inornatus
 
33.黄腰柳莺
Pallas' Warbler
P.   roregulus
 
34.极北柳莺
Arctic Warbler
P.  borealis
 
35.棕脸翁莺
Fulvous-faced  Flycatcher Warbler
Abroscopus(Seicercus) albogularis
 
36.棕扇尾莺
Fan-tailed Warbler
Cisticola huncidis
 
37.褐头鹪莺
Brown Wren-warbler
Prinia subflava  
 
38.绿背林鹟
Olive-backed  Jungle Flycatcher
Rhinomyias  olivacea
 
 
39.白喉林鹟
White-gorgetted Jungle Flycatcher
Rhinimyias  brunneate
 
 
40.白眉姬鹟
Tricoloe Flycatcher
Ficedula  zanthopygia
 
41.黄眉[姬]鹟
Black-and-yellow Flycatcher
F. narcissina
 
 
42.白腹姬鹟
Blue and White  Flycatcher
F. cyanomelana
 
 
43.北灰鹟
Brown Flycatcher
Muscicapa  latirostris
 
44.寿带
Paradise Flycatcher
Terpsiphone  paradisi
(四十五)山雀科Paridae
1.大山雀
Great Tit
Parus mahor
2.黄腹山雀
Yellow-billed Tit
P. venustulus
 
3.红头长尾山雀
Red-headed Tit
Aegithalos   concunnus
 
 
(四十六)科Sittidae
1.普通
Eurasian Nuthatch
Sitta europaea 
 
 
(四十七)攀雀科Remizidae
1.攀雀
Panduline Tit
Remiz pendulinus 
 
(四十八)绣眼鸟科Zosteropidae
1.暗绿绣眼鸟
Janpanese White-eyes
Zosterops haponica
 
(四十九)文鸟科Ploceidae
1.家麻雀
House Sparrow
Passer domesticus
 
2.(树)麻雀
Tree Sparrow
P. montanus  
 
3.山麻雀
Cinnamon Sparrow
P. rutilans  
 
 
4.白腰文鸟
White-backed Munia
Lonchura striata 
 
5.斑文鸟
Spotted Munia
L.   punctulata
 
(五十)雀科Fringillidae
1.燕雀
Brambling
Frigilla  montifringilla
 
2.金翅雀
Chinese Greenfinch
Carduelis sinica
 
3.黄雀
Siskin
C. spinus
 
 
4.黑尾蜡嘴
Black-tailed Hawfinch
Eophona migratoria
 
(五十一)鹀科Emberizidae
5.黍鹀
Corn Bunting
Emberiza calandra
 
 
6.栗鹀
Chestnut Bunting
E. rutilla 
 
7.黄胸鹀
Yellow-breasted Bunting
E. aureola
 
8.黄喉鹀
Yellow-throated  Bunting
E. elegans
 
9.灰头鹀
Masked Bunting
E.  spodocephala
 
10.硫黄鹀
Janpanese Yellow  Bunting
E.  sulphurata
 
 
11.三道眉草鹀
Siberian Meadow Bunting
E. fucata  
 
12.赤胸鹀
Grey-headed Bunting
E. fucata
 
 
13.田鹀
Rustic Bunting
E. rustica 
 
15.小鹀
Little Bunting
E. pusilla 
 
16.黄眉鹀
Yellow-browed  Bunting
E. chrysophrys
 
17.白眉鹀
Tristram's Bunting
E. tristrami
 
18.苇鹀
Pallas' Reed Bunting
E. pallasi 
 
19.芦鹀
Reed Bunting
E. schoeniculus
 
 
20.铁瓜鹀
Lapland Bunting
E. lapponica
 
浏览量:( 2812 )
更多
上一篇:植物名录
下一篇:浮游动物名录